Plymouth whipped and expelled Quakers instead of executing them, as Massachusetts did. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Plymouth’s Pilgrims weren’t Puritans, although they shared some beliefs. Although the pilgrims had religious freedom in Holland, they found it difficult to retain their English identity in a Dutch country, they worked grueling jobs in the cloth industry there and the possibility of war between Holland and the Catholic-run Spain, due to their 12 year truce nearing its end, threatened their future in the country. breinlis. In lining, each line of the psalm is first sung by the Pastor, then repeated by the congregation.”. The second, larger Puritan colony of Massachusetts Bay was conceived as a "city upon a hill." Start studying Massachusetts: A New England Colony. The popular history book, Saints and Strangers by George Wilson, famously nicknamed these two groups of people as saints and strangers. Pilgrim Hall Museum; Pilgrim and Puritan: A Delicate Distinction; Richard Howland Maxwell; March 2003, Religion and the Founding of the American Republic: America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century, Part 1, Religion and the Founding of the American Republic: America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century, Part 2, American Treasures of the Library of Congress: First Complete Bible Published in America. The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies in America. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 41 terms. This is what prompted the separatists to flee England for Leiden, Holland in 1607. ... Government of Massachusetts in which government and religion was tied closely together (theocracy) John Winthrop. These separatists were a sect of Puritans within the movement who felt that the Church of England was too corrupt to save and had given up on the idea of real reform within the church and decided to separate from it. The idea of a “city … The religion of colonial Connecticut was primarily Puritan. A new royal charter, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, merged the Bay Colony with Plymouth Colony and Maine Colony in 1691. Massachusetts Bay whipped, banished and hanged Quakers while Plymouth Colony fined, whipped and banished Quakers but refrained from hanging them. The Puritans wanted to purify and reform the Church of England. Puritan is one answer -- but only one -- to the question of religion for Massachusetts in the 1600s. Psalms were the only music allowed in service and the pilgrims customized them for their congregation, according to an article on Plimoth.org: “The versions of the Psalms used in Plymouth Colony came from Henry Ainsworth’s Psalter, in which he had ‘Englished’ the Psalms in prose and metre, and set them to livelier music than had been heard before. Both colonies feared and banned witchcraft, and Massachusetts held celebrated witch trials in Salem at the end of the 1600s. And in the end some discontent on his part, by occasion whereof he left them something ubruptly…But he is to be pitied and prayed for; and so I shall leave the matter and desire the Lord to show him his errors and reduce him into the way of truth and give him a settled judgment and constancy in the same, for I hope he belongs to the Lord, and that he will show him mercy.”. The primary religion of the New England colonies was the strict Puritan Christianity originally brought to the Massachusetts Bay colony by ships like the Mayflower, but as the colonies grew and changed, some of the colonists began to move away from that base. During the first decade of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, several political crises occurred, unfolding simultaneously, concerning the way religion was practiced in the colony. The Puritans had left England because they didn't agree with the Church of England and they wanted to practice their own faith. One dissenter, former Puritan leader Roger Williams, went on to found Rhode Island after Massachusetts expelled him in 1636 for preaching in favor of tolerating other religions. Puritans led strict religious lives, and dissenters were treated harshly. Edited by Charles Deane, Privately Printed, 1856. Procon.org has researched Religion in the Original 13 Colonies, and and concluded: “All 13 American colonies had some form of state-supported religion. This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature.” A ll colonies were predominantly Christian. Other times that the saints and strangers quarreled due to their religious differences was during the Christmas holiday. Nan East began writing professionally in 1978 and worked as a reporter and editor for daily and weekly newspapers. They wanted to change the Church of England by making it more pure. Comments Off The pilgrims of Plymouth Colony were religious separatists from the Church of England. Those First Great Awakening preachers’ carried the twin message of hope and salvation through religion. At first, Plymouth Colony’s government and its religion were only somewhat entwined but the colony slowly increased its legislation on religious duties and morals over time. The saints also rejected Easter and the various Saints Days because they believed they had no scriptural basis. Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. The King of England gave them a charter to make a settlement along the Massachusetts Bay. They hoped to not only find the religious freedom they were seeking in North America but also hoped to be able to earn money by establishing a colony there that would harvest supplies and send them back to England to be sold. They were a part of the Puritan movement which began in the 16th century with the goal to “purify” the Church of England of its corrupt doctrine and practices. 1683 First Parish Meeting House, Plymouth, Mass, illustration published in Plymouth Church Records, 1620-1859, Volume 22 By First Church of Christ Plymouth, Mass., 1920. See disclaimer. A much larger group of English Puritans left England in the 1630s, establishing the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the New Haven Colony, the Connecticut Colony, and Rhode Island. What Type of Uniforms Did Revolutionary War Soldiers Wear? Both the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony reacted strongly to the influx of Quakers to their colonies in the 1650s and 1660s. 10 terms. Unlike the exodus of young men to the Chesapeake colonies, these migrants were families with young children and their university-trained ministers. The 13 original colonies were divided into three areas including the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. What was the religion like in Massachusetts colony? One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Massachusetts (officially called a commonwealth) is known for being the … There was friction at times between the saints and strangers, particularly after the Mayflower landed at Provincetown and some of the strangers began to question the saints’ authority there since none of them had legal permission to be there. 13 Colonies. Georgia welcomed large groups of Puritans, Lutherans, and Quakers. Bradford described Williams in his diary, which was later published under the title Of Plymouth Plantation: “Mr. This permission was forbidden for religious dissenters so the pilgrims had to illegally smuggle themselves out of England by bribing ship captains to take them to Holland. The Puritans went to Massachusetts for the sake of their own religious freedom. This was the second permanent English colony in America following Jamestown Colony.The Pilgrims had migrated from England to Holland to escape religious persecution for rejecting England's official church. To leave England at the time, you needed permission from the King. The Church of England was the established church in Colonial Georgia. Rebecca is a freelance journalist and history lover who got her start in journalism working for small-town newspapers in Massachusetts and New Hampshire after she graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a B.A. There were also bills passed that required a fine of ten shillings or a whipping for anyone who profaned the Sabbath. Author Stephen Innes says in “Creating the Commonwealth” that restrictions on holidays created a calendar with more than 300 working days. Sources: These were sung, without musical accompaniment, by the whole congregation. 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